- Ixazomib is the generic name for the trade name drug Ninlaro.
- Ixazomib is a targeted therapy. This medication is classified as a "proteasome inhibitor."
- Treatment of multiple myeloma (in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone) in patients who have received at least one prior therapy.
What is Ninlaro?
- Ninlaro (ixazomib) is a cancer medicine that interferes with the growth and spread of cancer cells in the body.
- Ninlaro is used to treat multiple myeloma (bone marrow cancer), in combination chemotherapy with lenalidomide and dexamethasone.
- This combination is usually given after treatment with at least one other cancer medicine has failed.
Before taking this medicine
You should not use Ninlaro if you are allergic to ixazomib.
To make sure Ninlaro is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had:
- liver disease; or
- kidney disease.
Ixazomib may harm an unborn baby. Both men and women should use effective birth control to prevent pregnancy while taking Ninlaro, and for at least 90 days after the last dose.
Do not use Ninlaro with lenalidomide if you are pregnant, or if you are a man and your sex partner is pregnant. Lenalidomide is known to cause severe, life-threatening birth defects or death of a baby if the mother or the father is taking this medicine at the time of conception or during pregnancy.
Do not breastfeed while using Ninlaro, and for at least 90 days after your last dose.
How should I take Ninlaro?
- Take Ninlaro exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose.
- Your combination chemotherapy will be given in a 28-day treatment cycle. You will take Ninlaro once per week on the same day of the week during the first 3 weeks of each cycle. Your other medicines may be taken daily or only once per week throughout the cycle.
- If you've ever had chickenpox or shingles, taking Ninlaro can cause this virus to become active again. You may be given antiviral medication to prevent shingles.
- Take Ninlaro at the same time each day on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal.
- Do not take your dexamethasone dose at the same time you take Ninlaro. Dexamethasone should be taken with food and Ninlaro should be taken without food.
- Swallow the Ninlaro capsule whole and do not crush, chew, break, or open it. Take with a full glass of water.
- If you vomit shortly after taking Ninlaro, do not take another dose. Wait until your next scheduled dose time to take the medicine again.
- Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not freeze. Keep each capsule in the blister pack until you are ready to take a dose.
Ninlaro dosing information
Usual Adult Dose for Multiple Myeloma:
- 4 mg orally once a week on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle.
- This drug should be taken once a week on the same day and at approximately the same time for the first 3 weeks of a 4-week cycle.
- This drug should be taken at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after food.
- The whole capsule should be swallowed with water (not crushed, chewed, or opened).
- If a dose is delayed or missed, the dose should be taken only if the next scheduled dose is 72 or more hours away. A missed dose should not be taken within 72 hours of the next scheduled dose. A double dose should not be taken to make up for the missed dose.
What happens if I miss a dose?
- Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if your next dose is due in less than 72 hours (3 days). Do not take two doses at one time.
What happens if I overdose?
- Seek emergency medical attention.
What should I avoid while taking Ninlaro?
- Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.
Ninlaro side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Ninlaro (hives, difficult breathing, swelling in your face or throat) or a severe skin reaction (fever, sore throat, burning eyes, skin pain, red or purple skin rash with blistering and peeling).
Ixazomib can cause life-threatening blood clots in the small blood vessels inside your organs, such as your brain or kidneys. Seek medical help right away if you have symptoms of this condition, such as a fever, tiredness, decreased urination, bruising, or nosebleeds.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
- severe ongoing nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation;
- a new or worsening skin rash;
- blurred vision, dry or red eyes;
- back pain;
- fluid retention - swelling in your hands or feet, rapid weight gain;
- liver problems - upper stomach pain, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
- low levels of platelets in your blood - easy bruising, unusual bleeding, purple or red spots under your skin;
- low white blood cell counts - fever, cold or flu symptoms, cough, sore throat, swollen gums, mouth sores, skin sores;
- nerve problems - numbness, tingling, pain, burning feeling in your hands or feet, weakness in your arms or legs; or
- signs of shingles - flu-like symptoms, tingly or painful blistering rash on one side of your body.
Common Ninlaro side effects may include:
- nerve problems or swelling in your hands or feet;
- low blood platelets;
- diarrhea, constipation;
- nausea, vomiting; or
- back pain.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist for medical advice about side effects.
What other drugs will affect Ninlaro?
- calcium / vitamin d
- Cymbalta (duloxetine)